The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was passed in 1965 as part of President Lyndon Johnson’s “War on Poverty.” The Act emphasizes equal access to education and establishes high standards and accountability. The law authorized federally funded education programs that are administered by the States. In 2002, Congress amended ESEA and reauthorized it as The No Child Left Behind Act.
No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), Public Law PL 107-110, passed in 2001, reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The purpose of the Act is to close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility and choice so that no child if left behind in American public schools. NCLB supports standards-based education this is based on the belief that setting high standards and goals can improve an individual student’s educational achievement. Title I and Title IIA are a part of NCLB.