Laws & Regulations

Use the following links to view available information about:


Title 14, Chapter 111, §2645 - Appointment of a Guardian: Residency Guidance for Children of Deployed Parents in the Military
This document provides guidance to parents who are being deployed and who wish to assign temporary guardianship, including education-related decision making, to someone other than the child's other parent. The agency has collaborated with the Vermont National Guard's legal staff to issue guidance on how parents and schools can support these students. In summary, an individual who is temporarily absent from the State of Vermont due to a military commitment does not lose his or her residency during this period. Therefore, the child of a deployed parent may continue to attend the public school in his or her deployed parent's district. Alternatively, if the deployed parent is divorced or separated and the child's other parent is a resident in a different district, the child may also attend the public school in that district. In some instances, a parent or parents may designate a relative or third party as the guardian of the child during the deployment. In this case, the Vermont Probate Court would need to issue an order to make this a formal designation. Use the link above for additional detail, court contact information, and links to the necessary court form. For links to additional deployment-related information, see Supporting Military Kids During Deployment.

Title 16 (Vermont Statutes Related to Education)
Vermont makes available two versions of the statutes online:

Act 44: An Act Relating to Making Miscellaneous Amendments to Education Law
Passed by the Vermont Legislature in 2009, Act 44 Section 39, includes requirements of Vermont schools and the agency; specifically, "it is a priority of the general assembly and the Agency of Education to take all necessary measures to increase the Vermont secondary school completion rate to 100 percent by the year 2020."

Act 58 of 2011 (sections 39-41): Student Concussion Guidelines
Sections 39-41 of Act 58 (S.100) of 2011, which is codified in 16 V.S.A. § 1431, direct the Vermont Agency of Education (DOE) to develop guidelines to assist schools in taking reasonable steps to prevent, and to minimize the effects of, school athletic team-related concussions. In the creation of these guidelines, the DOE has consulted with the Vermont Department of Health (VDH), and with the Vermont Principals' Association (VPA), and gratefully acknowledges their help. The law requires that K-12 schools educate their coaches, their youth athletes, and the youth athletes' parents and guardians regarding the prevention and mitigation concussion-related injuries.

Act 68 of 2003: Education Finance
This act amends the education funding system created by Act 60 of 1997 and has additional educational policy provisions.

Act 77 of 2013: Flexible Pathways Initiative
On June 6, 2013 Governor Peter Shumlin signed the Flexible Pathways bill (S.130/Act77) which provides for:

Act 129 of 2012: Public School Choice in Grades 9-12
The first public high school choice law, Act 150, was passed in 2000. It required each high school to join with at least one other school to form a choice region. Students were allowed to attend only schools within the region. In Act 129 of 2012, the legislature made school choice statewide by allowing students to apply to attend any other high school in the state, effective in School Year 2013 - 2014. Schools are allowed to limit the number of students who may transfer from a school, with a cap of 10 percent of resident students or 40, whichever is smaller; schools may set higher limits. Schools are also required to determine annually their capacity to receive students, using a variety of criteria, although there are is no numerical or percentage formula. If more students want to transfer out of − or into − a school than there are places available, nondiscriminatory lotteries are used. The law provides no funding for transportation, and, unless schools agree otherwise, no tuition or other charges changes hands. Act 129 of 2012 is included in Vermont's Statutes, at Title 16, Section 822a. More about public high school choice and other school choice options.

Act 130: Funding of Union and Unified Union School Districts  
Act 130, the law designed to align union school district funding with Act 68, was signed into law May 24, 2004. Transitional provisions will take effect in fiscal year 2007, with full implementation in fiscal year 2008. This document provides an overview of the main purposes of the law, a list of the provisions that take effect on July 1, 2006, and a link to the full text of the law.

Act 153 of 2010: Voluntary School District Merger, Virtual Merger and Supervisory Union Duties (Sections 1 - 8)
Use this link to view specific provisions of the legislation that address voluntary school district merger, virtual merger and supervisory union duties.

Act 156 of 2012: Amendments to Act 153 of 2010
While the title of this act reads as "An act relating to prevention, identification, and reporting of child abuse and neglect at independent schools", the act contains a major set of amendments to Act 153 of 2010.

State Board of Education Manual of Rules and Practices
The rules that govern educational policy along with Title 16 of the Vermont statutes.

School Records and Records Retention Information
The agency regularly receives calls from school districts and supervisory unions seeking guidance on what types of student records to keep, and for how long. The following is information and a few quick tips on the topic of school records and records retention.


As a result of each legislative session, the Vermont Agency of Education is charged with various reporting requirements. This page offers the final reports for the 2007-2009 legislative biennium as well as other required annual reports from previous legislative sessions. View available Legislative Reports.

Information to be Included in School Reports, Handbooks and Other Notices

This document provides information on requirements for local school districts to publish annual school reports and other information that must or should be included in school handbooks or other documents.

Contact: Gregory J. Glennon, Vermont Agency of Education General Counsel, at (802) 479-1756 or

Study on the Use of Paraprofessionals

As required by the 2014 Legislature of the Joint Fiscal Office, the Agency has commissioned a study to help policy makers better understand the role and impact of paraprofessionals in the delivery of special education services: Study of Paraprofessionals Role and Impact on Special Education (Sec. 79a of Act 95 of 2014).


On occasion, the Legislature may charge a group to examine an issue in more detail, requiring the creation of legislative committees, summer studies, etc. View any current requirements using the link below:



2015 Legislative Summary

2014 Legislative Summary

2013 Legislative Summary
Includes a brief excerpt of education-related legislation and resulting assignments for the State Board and Agency of Education.

2012 Legislative Summary

Model Policies
Model policies provide guidance, direction and recommended standards to help school administrators develop general school policy statements. At times, the agency is specifically tasked by the Vermont State Board of Education or the Vermont Legislature to create model policies that address specific issues related to students and schools. Other recommended and/or mandatory policies are developed by the Vermont School Boards Association, often in conjunction with agency staff.


All requests for contract bids (requests for proposals) issued by the agency for amounts over $15,000 are posted to one of two central state websites:

Vermont Department of Economic Development Bid Web Site
View most contracts for personal services and educational support.

Vermont Department of Buildings and General Services Web Site
Access information about larger contracts and certain contracts for Information Technology systems.


The Vermont Agency of Education does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, creed, marital status, sex, disability, age, gender identity or sexual orientation in its programs or activities. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding nondiscrimination policies* ONLY:

, General Counsel
(802) 479-1756

* NOTE: The phone number listed above is for nondiscrimination policy questions ONLY. For questions NOT related to nondiscrimination policies, use the agency's general phone numbers Web page.


Clare O'Shaughnessy at or (802) 479-1761

Page Last Updated on August 18, 2016