This report organizes
town school districts into groups by the type of school system they operate. The
data for each group include the number of equalized pupils, budgeted expenditures
and local education spending per equalized pupil, and statewide rankings. Districts
are ranked within the group, based on budgets per equalized pupils for the group
alone. At the bottom of each grouping are comparative numbers showing what the data
would be if the group was considered a single school district.
NOTE: This background information is only applicable to the FY 2001-2004 reports. Background information for the FY 2005 report is contained in a separate document.
The report was conceived
as a method to show the wide variety of school education systems in Vermont and how
costs per pupil varied within and between the different systems.
Per pupil spending variations between districts may result from a wide variety of
factors. This partial list of factors may explain some of the variation seen in the
- Budgets are total
budgets and account for the costs of all students, including those who are tuitioned,
numbers that vary widely between districts.
- Budgets per pupil
are based on residential pupil counts that do not include tuitioning students, resulting
in artificially high per pupil numbers for districts receiving tuition students.
- Special education
costs may vary widely between districts.
- Transportation costs
may vary widely between districts.
- Local programmatic
choices differ between districts.
- New resources may
be available from the implementation of Act 60.
- Historical spending
patterns may differ.
- Capital construction
projects may differ.
- Experience level
of the teaching staff may differ.
- Contractual agreements
with the staff may differ.
Local education spending
is that portion of a school district budget funded by the general state support grant,
local education tax revenues, and any aid from the sharing pool when applicable.
Local education spending data are subject to the above factors plus others, such
- A surplus or deficit
from a prior year;
- Privately donated
- The distribution
of federal dollars.
This report organizes
town school districts into groups by the type of school system operated in FY 2004.
The listed categories are not inclusive of all school systems operated throughout
Vermont. Some school districts were placed in a category that most closely approximated
their actual school system. For example, a school district operating a kindergarten
through 3rd grade school was classified as a kindergarten through 6th grade school
Town school districts were then identified by size, based upon the number of equalized
pupils within the district. The choices for school district size were not intended
as any specific representation with the exception of those districts classified as
small. Rather, they were logical dividing points in numerical terms. The size categories
are as follows:
- Small - less than
100 equalized pupils
- Medium - greater
than or equal to 100 equalized pupils, but less than 500
- Large - greater than
or equal to 500 equalized pupils, but less than 1,000
- Very large - greater
than or equal to 1,000 equalized pupils