Special Education Finance & Medicaid

The special education finance program administers the state's special education funding laws in 16 V.S.A. chapter 101. The current state funding formula for K-12 services is a reimbursement system. Reporting requirements include the submission of a service plan projecting the cost of special education for the upcoming year as well as expenditure reports during the year of actual costs incurred. Program staff review expenditure reports submitted by Vermont school districts and calculate the amount of state assistance, perform audits of the special education expenditure reports to ensure that the information reported is accurate and properly documented, and oversee the distribution of federal IDEA-B and Preschool Flow Through funds to supervisory unions. Program staff also work with the Department of Vermont Health Access on the School-based Health Services Program which allows schools to generate Medicaid reimbursement for the health-related services provided to special education students who are enrolled in Medicaid and receive eligible services in accordance with their individualized education plans (IEPs).

Special Education Funding Formula Projections for FY 2016

The following are the FY-2016 Special Education Funding Projections based on the FY-2016 Special Education Service Plans as of December 12, 2014. For these estimates, it is assumed that the federal IDEA-B funds will be subject to a second year of sequestration. The final State appropriation levels will be determined during the up-coming Legislative Session.

Special Education Service Plan for FY 2017

View and download instructions and forms for special education service plans used by Vermont school districts to report their anticipated special education expenditures. This service plan is designed to meet the requirement by law that each supervisory union submit a service plan annually to the commissioner reporting their anticipated special education expenditures for the following year.

Special Education Expenditure Report Forms and Instructions for FY 2016

View and download instructions and forms for special education expenditure reports used by Vermont school districts to report their special education expenditures for state funding.


Forms and Other Materials:

Special Education Cost, Average Daily Membership and Child Count by School District

This spreadsheet reports average daily membership (ADM), child
count and special education formula expenditures by school
district and supervisory union. It also calculates child count as
a percentage of average daily membership and special education
formula expenditures per ADM. The spreadsheet is also used to
determine high and low spending districts in accordance with 16
VSA §2974. High spending is defined as spending at least 20
percent more than the state wide average of special education
(formula) eligible costs per average daily membership. Please
note that the spreadsheet does not reflect resubmission of data
by school districts after they are notified of their status as
high spending districts. For questions or additional information,
contact Mike Bailey at (802) 479-1165 or mike.bailey@vermont.gov.


Nicole Tousignant, Special Education Finance Manager, at nicole.tousignant@vermont.gov or (802) 479-1137

Page Last Updated on November 13, 2015