Educator Resources

The following resources are for educators and administrators working with students who have disabilities and who are eligible for special education services under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).


The Co-teaching Requirements Memo provides information and a link to obtain an application for classroom teachers and special educators to co-teach in the state of Vermont. An approved plan is necessary in order to comply with Vermont state special education rules and regulations to receive special education reimbursement. Please direct inquiries to

Adverse Effect

Historically determining whether a disability has an adverse effect on the child’s educational performance has been inconsistent and confusing to special education staff throughout the state. Criteria were developed through a collaboration of stakeholders, and these training materials represent those guidelines.

Instructional Information

Forms for Special Education

Programs that opt to use these special education forms will be evaluating children age three through 21 years of age to determine their eligibility for special education services. Users will also use the individualized education program (IEP) form to develop a document of appropriate services, if the child is eligible. Email or call (802) 479-1255 to request an alternative version of these forms.

Special Education Forms

Severe Learning Discrepancy

The severe learning discrepancy (SLD) software is to be used by Evaluation Planning Teams to determine whether the cognitive and achievement test scores for students suspected of having a specific learning disability meet the regulatory requirement of a 1.5 standard deviation gap between expected achievement levels and actual achievement levels. If you have additional questions regarding the software, please contact Laura Baker at (802) 479-1392.

Dispute Resolution

You may provide information to the family of a student receiving special education services who disagree with decisions made by the school regarding a student's identification, eligibility, evaluation, Individualized Education Program (IEP) or placement regarding the three options available for resolving disputes with the school.

Alternate Assessments

All publicly funded students enrolled in grades 3-8 and 11 in Vermont schools must take state assessments. While most students participate in the general statewide assessments with no accommodations, a small percentage of students take the general assessment using approved accommodations when necessary. An even smaller number of students (approximately 500) participate in the assessment accountability system using an alternate assessment. The alternate assessment allows students with significant cognitive disabilities (SWSD) to demonstrate their knowledge and skills on core academic content and for their performance scores to be included in school accountability.

Secondary Transition Planning

Vermont AOE Case Study Learning Project

Welcome to the Vermont Agency of Education case study learning project. The goal of these case studies is to provide exemplars of the inter-relationship between a student’s personalized learning plan (PLP), IEP transition plan and the student’s pathway to meeting proficiency based graduation requirements (PBGRs). We are fortunate to have had these developed by Lee Ann Jung, a nationally recognized expert on personalization, disability and proficiency based learning. Through these case studies, you will see examples of how our fictional Happy Valley High School executed the requirements of Act 77, the VT Education Quality Standards, and IDEA. These case scenarios provide potential models that can be adapted to fit each school’s particular context. These models are not new requirements but rather tangible exemplars of how these plans might be developed to support rather than duplicate each other. Additionally this resource showcases a strategy for making PBGRs accessible for students with disabilities. If you have questions about this project please contact John Spinney.

Memo: Students Receiving Special Education in the High School Completion Program
This memo contains guidance for educators when they have a student who is on an IEP and would like to access the high school completion program.

Vermont Graduation Readiness Tool
The Vermont Graduation Readiness Tool is designed to address a long standing challenge for IEP teams in VT, which is, how to determine the graduation date for students with disabilities particularly students with developmental disabilities. Sometimes students graduate too soon and sometimes much later than necessary. VT AOE has coordinated an effort in developing a tool to help IEP teams decide on the date of graduation in a quantitative manner. Graduation readiness is more than just meeting the local proficiencies for graduation and this tool can help teams ensure their student has had preparation that is aligned with their specific needs to be successful after high school. Contact: John Spinney, Post-Secondary Transition Coordinator at


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Vermont Agency of Education
Secretary Daniel M. French
219 North Main Street, Suite 402
Barre, VT 05641

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