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Act 46: State Board of Education's Final Report of Decisions and Order

This is a map of the school governance structure changes under the SBE Final Report and Order of November 28, 2018 and previous phases of Act 46. For the full table of results, click the linked image.

The State Board of Education’s Final Report of Decisions and Order on Statewide School District Mergers is a requirement of Act 46. It is the conclusion of a multiyear process to create more sustainable and efficient school governance structures and improve access to quality PreK-12 education for all Vermont students.

Creating the Plan

In crafting the Final Report of Decisions and Order, the Board paid careful attention to the goals and requirements of Act 46. Additionally, the Board encouraged input and testimony from all affected districts and from the citizens of Vermont. While there were many tough decisions, the Board was careful to adhere to the Vermont General Assembly’s requirements as laid out in the law.

By the Numbers

The goal of Act 46 is to improve education outcomes and equity by creating larger and more efficient school governance structures. The Board’s Final Report of Decisions and Order has:

  • Merged 45 districts in 39 towns to form 11 new union school districts.
  • Enlarged 3 existing union school districts.
  • Created a net reduction of 34 districts.
  • Conditionally required an additional 4 districts to merge with 4 existing union districts.

When the impacts of Act 46 are combined with those of predecessor legislation (Act 153 of 2010 and Act 156 of 2012), the results are:

  • 206 districts in 185 towns have formed 50 new union school districts (a reduction of 156) districts.
  • 63% percent of Vermont K-12 students will live in a new union school district created by Acts 46, 153 and 156 (as of July 1, 2019).
  • 84.4% of students will reside in a new union school district or a pre-existing supervisory district (preferred structure) such as Burlington or Springfield SDs.

Final Report of Decisions and Order

The Final Report of Decisions and Order is dated November 28, 2018, and issued on November 30, 2018. 

The State Board of Education's Final Report of Decisions and Order on Statewide School District Merger Decisions Pursuant to Act 46, Sections 8(b) and 10


Appendix A: SBE Final Order Map

Appendix B: Articles Agreement for New Unified Districts

Unified Union School Districts:

Windham Southeast Unified Union School District
Franklin Northwest Unified Union School District
Oxbow Unified Union School District
Barre Unified Union School District
Washington Central Unified Union School District
Lamoille South Unified Union School District
Enosburgh-Richford Unified Union School District

Union Elementary School Districts:

Windham Northeast Union Elementary School District
Orleans Southwest Union Elementary School District
Orleans Central Union Elementary School District
Southwest Vermont Union Elementary School District

Other Documents

The Secretary's Proposed Plan Under Act 46, Sec. 10

Modified Unified Union School Districts and their Non-Member Elementary Districts

Decision Points: Sec. 9 Proposals and Secretary's Proposed Statewide Plan

Annotated Transition Timeline

Transition Timeline FAQs

Guidance: Failure of a New Union School District to Adopt a Budget