Special Education Resources for Special Educators and Administrators

Our resources are intended to help educators and administrators in Vermont understand and navigate legal expectations, access best practices and tips, and become more informed on current topics and issues in special education.

Technical Assistance and Professional Development

The Agency offers extensive Technical Assistance and Professional Development for Special Educators.


Act 173

Act 173 of 2018 is an act relating to enhancing the effectiveness, availability and equity of services provided to students who require additional support. The Agency of Education is integrating procedures and processes in order to support the field to adapt and adopt the systemic changes necessary to respond to the act. Learn more on the Agency of Education Act 173 webpage

Adverse Effect

Historically determining whether a disability has an adverse effect on the child’s educational performance has been inconsistent and confusing to special education staff throughout the state. Criteria were developed through a collaboration of stakeholders, and the Agency of Education has developed training materials to represent those guidelines.

Agency of Education Co-teaching Application

An approved plan is necessary in order to comply with Vermont state special education rules and regulations to receive special education reimbursement for a co-teaching arrangement. Please direct inquiries to betty.roy@vermont.gov.

Alternate Assessments

All publicly funded Students With Significant Disabilities (SWSD) enrolled in grades 3 through 9 are required to participate in a statewide assessment for reading and math. All publicly funded students in grades 5, 8, and 11 are assessed in science. Students who cannot participate in the general assessment with accommodations may be eligible to take an alternate assessment.

The BEST Project

Building Effective Supports for Teaching (BEST) has provided training, coaching and technical assistance to supervisory unions and supervisory districts for several decades. The project provides support for educators to offer better support to students experiencing emotional or behavioral challenges. BEST provides support to schools based on a strategic plan and annual training calendar, with a goal to build statewide, regional and local capacity.

Forms for Special Education

Programs that opt to use Vermont's special education forms will be evaluating children age three through 21 years of age to determine their eligibility for special education services. Users will also use the individualized education program (IEP) form to develop a document of appropriate services, if the child is eligible.

Independent Schools Serving Special Education Students

Learn about independent schools serving special education students, including an application and a list of approved schools.

Restraint and Seclusion (Rule 4500)

The use of restraint and seclusion in schools is governed by Vermont State Board of Education Rule 4500. The purpose of State Board Rule 4500 is to create and maintain a positive and safe learning environment in schools, promote positive behavioral interventions and supports in schools, and ensure that students are not subjected to inapprporiate use of restraint or seclusion. The Agency of Education provides Rule 4500 guidance, reporting forms and Q&A.

Secondary Transition

Parent Resources

Severe Learning Discrepancy

The Severe Learning Discrepancy (SLD) software is to be used by Evaluation Planning Teams to determine whether the cognitive and achievement test scores for students suspected of having a specific learning disability meet the regulatory requirement of a 1.5 standard deviation gap between expected achievement levels and actual achievement levels. 

Please note: The Agency of Education is no longer supporting or updating this software.

Special Education Acronyms/Initialisms List

This is a list of acronyms of technical terms.

Vermont Alternate Assessment Selection Process and the Learner Characteristic Inventory

This training is designed as a high-level introduction on accessing the Learner Characteristic Inventory (LCI) and the test selection process. The LCI is the registration tool, and first step educators must take, in order to assign the VTAA to their student. This brief training is not intended to replace the comprehensive Alternate Test Administrator (ATA) certification course found on the Vermont Common Assessment Portal. All educators will need to complete the TA Certification Course to access the LCI and the ATA Certification Course to launch the VTAA.

Vermont Family Engagement Toolkit and Self-Assessment

The Vermont Family Engagement Toolkit and Self-Assessment was designed to be an easy-to-use, practical guide for educators seeking to develop and maintain growth of school, district, Supervisory Union (SU), or Supervisory District (SD) family engagement work, including for students with Individualized Education Programs (IEPs). The Toolkit provides researched-based information, proven strategies, a Self-Assessment to reflect on your own practice, and links to additional tools that can be customized to SU, district and school needs.

Back to Vermont Special Education Home

Contact Us

Vermont Agency of Education
Secretary Daniel M. French
1 National Life Drive, Davis 5
Montpelier, VT 05620-2501

Web and Document Accessibility Policy​
Public Records Requests

Phone: (802) 828-1130 | Fax: (802) 828-6430
aoe.edinfo@vermont.gov
Staff Directory | Division Phone Numbers

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