Career Pathways

Implementing career pathways is a modern approach to align school program offerings to the skill needs of key industries in Vermont’s economy. This allignment ensures students can access the education and training they need to obtain and advance in high-wage, high-skill, high-demand careers in their home state.

Components and Characteristics of Career Pathways

Act 189 of 2018 defines Career Pathways as a “combination of rigorous and high-quality educational, training, and other experiences and services, beginning not later than seventh grade.” More generally, a career pathway is "a sequence of learning experiences that span secondary and postsecondary systems, blend rigorous core academic and career technical instruction, offer focused career guidance and advisement systems, include high-quality work-based learning experiences, and culminate in postsecondary or industry credentials of value” (Advance CTE)

Career Pathways in Vermont:

  • Are developed in partnership with business and industry
  • At the secondary level, integrates the academic and technical skills required for postsecondary success
  • Align school programs with the skill needs of industries in the local, regional, and Vermont economies
  • Prepare an individual to transition seamlessly from secondary to postsecondary or adult technical education experiences
  • Prepare students for a successful postsecondary education, including postsecondary degrees (e.g., associates or bachelor’s degrees), or job-related education (e.g., registered apprenticeships)
  • Includes career counseling as critical support to students in achieving their educational and career goals
  • Provide work-based learning opportunities to articulate and enhance skills learned in the classroom and at the workplace
  • Organize educational, training, and other experiences and services, with multiple entry and exit points along a training progression, to meet the particular needs of an individual in a manner that accelerates the educational and career advancement of the individual to the extent practicable
  • Prepare an individual to enter, or to advance within, a specific occupation or occupational cluster

The Agency of Education is in the process of implementing a Career Pathways system and career pathways programs in Regional Technical Centers, high schools and middle schools to start not later than 7th grade (Act 189 of 2018).

Career Pathways are being implemented in articulation with colleges and universities in the State of Vermont. Our work currently focuses on the implementation of career pathways in Advanced Manufacturing, Cybersecurity, Construction and Health Science. Courses in the Advanced Manufacturing and Cybersecurity career pathways will start as early as 2020.

Advanced Manufacturing

This career pathway will help students to build careers in a key economy sector in Vermont.

About the Advanced Manufacturing Sector

  • Manufacturing jobs pay a family-sustaining wage. In 2017, average annual compensation was $65,130.13 in Vermont (National Association of Manufacturers)
  • Manufacturing companies in Vermont employ about 30% of non-farm jobs (National Association of Manufacturers)
  • The manufacturing sector employs in the country around 13 million people
  • Aerospace and pharmaceutical manufacturing are the top subsectors in terms of job growth as of 2018 (National Association of Manufacturers)
  • Much of the growth in manufacturing has taken place in high tech sub-sectors—car industry, aviation, computers and electronics


Celebrating Manufacturing Month in Vermont
Manufacturers, educational institutions and others are encouraged to host events that highlight the importance of manufacturing to the Vermont and U.S. economies and also draw attention to the many rewarding high-skill and higher paying jobs that modern manufacturing provides. Visit the Vermont Manufacturing Extension Center website to learn more.



Every business needs cybersecurity professionals. As we make progress in technology creation and development, so do the risks we face as business, government or families. Students in the career pathway in Cybersecurity will develop the skills they need to protect our information, public and private, in hospitals, banks, manufacturing companies, constructions business, the military, cities, etc.

About the Cybersecurity Sector

  • In Vermont there are currently more than 250 job openings in cybersecurity, and the sector is rapidly growing
  • Nationally, there are over 700,000 people employed in the cybersecurity industry. The number of jobs currently open in the country is more than 300,000 (CyberSeek)
  • The cybersecurity workforce supply/demand ratio is 2.3, meaning supply of qualified employees is very low (CyberSeek)
  • Top cybersecurity jobs include Cyber Security Engineer, Cyber Security Analyst and Network Engineer / Architect (Cybersecurity Ventures)


National Cybersecurity Career Awareness Week
National Cybersecurity Career Awareness Week will be observed Nov. 11-16, 2019. Visit the National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education to learn more and get involved. #cybercareerweek #mycyberjob

National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education 2019 Conference and Expo
The annual NICE Conference and Expo brings together leaders from industry, government, academia and nonprofit organizations.

NICE K12 Cybersecurity Education Conference
The NICE K12 Cybersecurity Education Conference seeks to Promote and increase K12 cybersecurity education programs.

For more information on Career Pathways, contact Dr. Oscar Aliaga at or (802) 828-7163.

Contact Us

Vermont Agency of Education
Secretary Daniel M. French
1 National Life Drive, Davis 5
Montpelier, VT 05620-2501

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Phone: (802) 828-1130 | Fax: (802) 828-6430
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